There’s been a lot of good news about solar power recently, but an article published by the Sydney Morning Herald earlier this week encourages solar panel owners to have a think about what happens to their solar panels when they have reached end of life.
SMH describes it as a “waste crisis” on the horizon. So what exactly will happen to your solar panels when they reach end of life or malfunction? What is Australia’s policy on solar panel waste?
Solar Panel Waste: Australia Needs to Figure it Out
In December, Australia reached a record of 2 million households with rooftop solar. What will happen to all of those solar panels when they reach end of life in roughly 30 years?
Australia’s environment ministers have not determined policies concerning solar panels and how they are handled as waste.
Experts and former advisers say that a responsible end of life strategy should be of utmost importance for solar panels, and they believe proper action has not yet been taken. It is assumed bad planning and cost concerns are reasons a concrete policy is not in place for a more environmental way to dispose of solar panels.
Solar Panels Going to Landfill
Just like paint, batteries, electronics and furniture waste, solar panels are going to landfill.
Solar panels and other electronics waste in particular may contain hazardous substances. When these products end up in landfill they contribute to Earth’s pollution problem.
“Photovoltaic panels are predominantly made from glass, polymer and aluminium, but may also contain potentially hazardous materials such as lead, copper and zinc.”
– Nicole Hasham, Sydney Morning Herald
What’s the Solution?
A recycling scheme for solar panels and batteries is needed. Australia already has schemes in place for televisions and computers. Despite costs to recycle, these recycling schemes create jobs and help the environment.
There are state schemes and companies in place who are trying to keep solar panels and batteries out of landfill while the government continues to take no action:
- The state of Victoria will be banning all electronic waste at landfills from July this year.
- Sustainability Victoria is reporting on management options for solar panels.
- Reclaim PV, a solar panel recycler in Australia, is encouraging bans on sending solar panels to landfill: they claim 90% of a panel can be recycled.
Other states and research bodies are focusing on this issue. See if anyone in your state is involved.
Even with these efforts, Australia still needs a nationwide scheme to deal with solar panel materials at end of life.
What Can You Do?
Opt For High Quality Panels to Reduce E-Waste
Anyone thinking about installing solar at their home should keep in mind the waste that will eventually be created from their new solar panels. To combat this, we highly suggest opting for higher quality solar panels from trusted manufacturers. These panels have longer life spans than cheaper panels and so the e-waste generated will be much less in the long run. If we can encourage everyone thinking about solar to consider the e-waste that will be generated as panels reach end of life and opt for longer lasting products, we’ll all be better off.
Ask us about our quality solar range if you’re thinking about solar (and its environmental effects).
A version of this post was originally published on Solar Trust Centre.